Asom Divas celebrated across the state


Guwahati: Asom Divas is being celebrated in remembrance of Swargadeo Chaolung Sukaphaa, the first Ahom king in medieval Assam.

Since 1996, December 2 has been celebrated in Assam as the Sukaphaa Divas to commemorate the advent of the first king of the Ahom kingdom in Assam after his journey over the Patkai Hills.

According to Ahom tradition, Sukaphaa was a descendant of the God Khunlung, who had come down from the heavens and had ruled Mong-Ri-Mong-Ram.

Sukaphaa left Mong Mao (present-day China) in 1215. He crossed the Patkai hills at the Pangsau pass and reached Namrup (in the Brahmaputra valley) in December 1228. The journey, from Mong Mao (present-day China) to Namrup took Sukaphaa around thirteen years. The year Sukaphaa reached Namrup (December 1228) is considered as the year the Ahom kingdom was established.

In 1253, Sukaphaa built himself his capital city at Charaideo near present-day Sivasagar town. The capital of the Ahom kingdom changed many times after this, but Charaideo remained the symbolic center of Ahom rule.

Sukafa died in 1268, leaving behind a kingdom that was bounded by the Brahmaputra River in the West, the Disang River in the North, the Dikhow River in the South and the Naga Hills in the East.